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Da Lat Geography and Topography

Located in the south of the Western Highland at an average altitude of 800 to 2000 meters and a natural area of  9,765 sq. kilometers, Lamdong spreads over three plateaus and is the headstream of  seven main waterway systems. Connected to the Southern pivotal economic area, Lamdong has 11 administrative units comprising of one city, one town  and nine districts. Dalat City, the administrative, commercial, cultural and social center of the province, is 1500 km northwards to Hanoi, 320 km southwards to Hochiminh City, and 210 km eastwards to Nhatrang harbour.

With a total length of 1744 km of roads, the transportation system has been made accessible to villages and populated areas. The National Roads No. 20, 27 and 28 connecting Lamdong to the South-Eastern, the Central coastal, and the Western Highland provinces, and Hochiminh City, enabling Lamdong to have stable socio-economic ties with areas and provinces in the region.

The Lienkhuong Airbase, which is 30 km from Dalat City, is under upgrade to a 3250 meter-runway international airport capable of receiving middle-range aircrafts like A-300s and A-321s, and the like. Many important roads have been under construction for upgrade, eg. the roads from Lienkhuong to Dalat to be a four-lane highway, the 400km Dalat-Nhatrang road to facilitate communications between the two big tourist centers, and the National Road No. 20 being the principle road connecting Lamdong to Hochiminh City and the South-Eastern provinces to become a four-lane facility shortly. At the same time, the Dalat-Thapcham railroad is under planning for re-operation.

The stable supply of electricity comes from some hydro-electric plants like the 160 MW Danhim (160 MW), Suoi Vang (3.1 MW), Hamthuan-Dami (475 MW) and the under-construction Daininh (4.16 MW); and other diesel electric plants like Baoloc, Dilinh, and Canrang (total capacity: 4.16 MW). At present 100% of villages have electricity connected from the center. The system of telecommunication and modern postal services can well meet the requirement of the econo-social development of the province and the investors.

The population of Lamdong as by end 2002 is 1,112,814, of which 578,000 within labour ages. The province is having one university, one teacher training college, one medical school, two economic and engineering school, and five vocational schools, annually providing thousands of skilled labour forces to the locality. Many research centers of the central government set up in Lamdong like the nuclear research institute, agricultural and forestry research center, vegetable research center, and the bio-tech institute branch, etc., have significant contribution to the application of the techno-scientific researches in the production of the province.

Influenced by the monsoon tropical climate varying as per altitude, Lamdong has two distinct seasons of Rainy from May to November and of Dry from December to April, with an average temperature at 18 – 25 Deg. Celsius, ensuring a cool and moderate temperature throughout the year. Other natural indexes include an average rate of rainfall at 1750 – 3150 mm p.a., humidity at 85 – 87% p.a., and 1890 – 2500 sunny hours p.a.

The province has 255,407 hectares for agricultural cultivation, of which 200,000 hectares of basaltic land at Baoloc and Dilinh plateaus suitable for long-term industrial crops. The total areas for plantation of coffee and tea, and for production of vegetable and flower are 145,000 hectares and 23,783 hectares respectively, at Dalat, Donduong, Lacduong, Ductrong and Lamha. Tea, coffee, vegetables and flowers at Lamdong are of variant species and high quality.

Ever since the promulgation of the Laws on Foreign Investment , Laws on Boosting Domestic Investment, and especially the Enterprise Laws, further enhanced by the regular improvement of investment environment of the province, many investors have found opportunities at and invested in Lamdong. At present, the province has 55 foreign direct invested businesses, 41  state enterprises, 984 private businesses, 94 trade co-operatives, and 16,505 units of family businesses.